The pension scheme is a fundamental instrument for the well-being and standard of living of the population, as well as containing a considerable share of the so-called “savings industry”. Individual retirement is a great option to consider for an alternative way to invest in the UK.
The British system is characterized by the fact that (precisely due to its nature, which we will examine shortly), the social security investments of families represent a considerable share of the activities carried out by families in the financial field.
This has also resulted in a greater influence on the capital market by pension funds and life insurance companies. This phenomenon is not so incident in the European markets.
Social Security In The UK
Social Security in the UK is managed by HM Revenue & Customs. The workers are destined to pay social security contributions, which will feed the subsidy funds and the country’s pension system. Somewhat similar to social security payments in the United States.
The amount received from payment is determined by the type of work performed and the contribution amount.
The UK pension scheme has undergone recent reforms which aimed to make the system easier to use and understand schemes such as the Nest and its subsequent earlier withdraw – for more information consult: https://blog.moneyfarm.com/en/pensions/can-withdraw-my-nest-pension-early/
Pensions in UK
The system is based on two sections, namely State Pension and Private Pension.
This section includes the pension provided by the state under specific conditions.
To obtain the minimum amount of the state pension, it is necessary to have paid at least 10 years of contributions and have reached retirement age.
Most people retire by the age of 65.
Employers used to be able to force people to retire at the age of 65, the law was scrapped in April of 2011.
This means that you can keep working even past the age of 65 if you want or need to.
According to AgeUK,
State pension age is currently 66 years old, but there are plans to gradually increase it again from May 2026.
However, it should be specified that the state pension cannot be sufficient to support an individual – the full basic state pension is £141.85 per week. Obviously, the amount varies depending on the type of work being carried out.
You would have to live quite frugally to survive on £141.85 a week!
This section is the real protagonist of the aforementioned peculiarities of the English system.
This in turn is divided into Individual pension and Workplace pension.
The value of this scheme depends on two distinct factors, namely how much the individual has been paid in carrying out their work and the degree of risk of the pension investment.
This category includes stakeholder personal pensions and self-invested personal pensions (SIPP).
This regime allows for the disbursement of flexible minimum contributions, ensures coverage of the taxes due and offers a predefined investment strategy.
The latter are more similar to standard pensions with greater flexibility and free investments.
From 2018, workers who meet certain parameters can join a pension plan scheme presented by their employer.
This procedure is called “automatic enrolment” and its minimum contribution consists in part of the money deriving from the worker’s salary, in part from the employer and in part from the tax charge made by the state.
The employer must activate the automatic registration procedure and contribute to the retirement of persons who meet the following requirements:
- Classification as “worker”;
- age between 22 and retirement age;
- annual earnings of not less than £ 10,000;
- or work permanently in the UK.
Workers who do not fall within the aforementioned parameters required for automatic registration to the scheme can still access it voluntarily. Finally, you should note that there are many possibilities offered to employers and workers.
Within the workplace – pensions can be further distinguished the defined contribution one: a pension solution in which the money set aside by the worker and the employer is invested.
There are some employers that will have their own investment schemes as well.
Another form of pension scheme is the defined benefit.
In this case, the money received depends on the salary at the time of reaching retirement age and the years worked in the service of that employer.
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Last Updated on 15th November 2022 by Emma